Every step you take involves moving your knees. When aging, disease (such as osteoarthritis) or injury makes walking or other normal activity painful, one option may be total knee replacement.
Knee replacement surgery, also called total knee arthroplasty (ARTH-ro-plas-tee), can help relieve pain and restore function in severely diseased knee joints, greatly improving quality of life for most patients. This surgery involves removal of damaged bone and cartilage from the thighbone, shinbone and kneecap and replacement of the joint with a prosthesis (an artificial joint). A prosthesis may be made of metal and plastic or metal and ceramic in many different designs. The type you receive will be chosen based on the area of the knee that is affected, your age, weight, activity level, overall health and the condition of your ligaments. Knee replacement generally relieves pain and improves mobility for more than 95 percent of patients.
To watch an informative interactive video about this procedure please click here.
The Day of Surgery:
- Arrange for someone to drive you to and from the hospital
- You will not be able to drive for about 4-6 weeks after surgery
- Arrive 2 hours before your scheduled surgery time
- Go to the front entrance of the hospital to the Admitting desk
- Ambulatory Surgery
- A nurse will admit you and start your IV
- You will be take some pre-op medications with a sip of water
- Your Anesthesiologist will talk to you about this in detail prior to your surgery
- Length of the surgery depends on your surgeon
- Generally takes 2-4 hours
- Stay in the recovery room for 1.5 to 2 hours before going to your room
AFTER SURGERY CARE & REHABILITATION
Your therapist will be working closely with you to achieve your functional goal & help you be more independent.
- Improve mobility & independence
- Independent with home exercise program
- Return home within 3 days after surgery
- Knee ROM to 0 degrees extension & 90 degrees flexion
- Daily physical therapy sessions
- Leg exercises
- Transfer training
- Gait training/walking
- Balance activities
- Stair training
- Arm exercises
- Adaptive equipment as needed
- Transfer training